Climatology

of Caribbean Hurricanes

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Hits & Misses

Below an overview of the number of named tropical systems (hurricanes and tropical storms) passing by within 60nm (or 69 miles) of each of all the major Caribbean islands and Bermuda. The locations below are sorted by number of severe hurricanes (category 3-5) over the period 1851-2010. The year 1944 is generally regarded as the start of 'reliable' hurricane observations; therefore the number of storms during the period 1944-2010 is given between brackets.

The price for 'Hurricane Capital of the Caribbean' goes to the island of Abaco in the Bahamas, with 18 severe hurricanes since 1851 (which is on average one hurricane per 8-9 years), although in the last 60 years there were only 4 (one hurricane every 15 years). Since 1944 Nevis, Key West and Cuba (Habana) have seen the most severe hurricanes (7 or about one every 8-9 years). Grand Bahama tied with Abaco for the most hurricanes (40, 1 every ~4 years). At the bottom of the list: Bonaire and Curacao which have in the last 150+ years only seen 12 named storms pass by (none of these were severe hurricanes). Also, the Eastern Caribbean doesn't see as many hurricanes as the Western Caribbean, which is a little deceiving since the area of the Western Caribbean region is bigger (Cayman, part of the Western part, is only ranked 31, while Nevis, in the Eastern region is number 6). The Bahamas region however, with its smallest area, is definitely more active then the E. and W. Caribbean.

Legend:
pos: position (sorted by number of severe hurricanes), code: ICAO weather station identifier (see footnote*); lat-N: latitude in degrees North; lon-W: longitude in degrees West; h3-h5: severe hurricanes (category 3, 4 or 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale; h1-h5: all hurricanes; all: total of all named tropical systems (tropical storms and hurricanes); h5, h4, ...: category 5, 4, etc. hurricane; ts: tropical storm. The top five in several of the categories are given in red.

    code* region                               h3-h5    h1-h5      all      h5     h4     h3      h2      h1       ts
    ATLN  Atlantic Region                     305(182) 865(419) 1442(726) 42(34) 96(66) 167(82) 223(75) 337(162) 577(307) 
    ECAR  Eastern Caribbean Region             40(24)  115(52)   265(117)   7(6)  10(9)   23(9)   33(10)  42(18)  150(65) 
    WCAR  Western Caribbean Region             71(43)  206(87)   410(166) 15(13) 20(14)  36(16)  62(15)  73(29)  204(79) 
    BHMS  Bahamas \ Turks & Caicos Region      72(38)  188(81)   353(141)  7(3)  25(15)  40(20)  47(15)  69(28)  165(60) 

pos code* island/location                     lat-N lon-W  h3-h5  h1-h5   all     h5     h4     h3     h2     h1     ts
1   MYAB  Abaco (March Harbour), Bahamas      26.54 77.15  18(4)  40(13) 80(25)  3(1)   4(1)  11(2)   9(3)  13(6)  40(12) 
2   MYGF  Grand Bahama, Bahamas               26.55 78.70  15(3)  40(11) 80(27)  1(1)   5(1)   9(1)  12(3)  13(5)  40(16) 
3   TNCS  Saba, NA                            17.63 63.22  15(7)  36(14) 64(23)  1(0)   6(5)   8(2)  10(2)  11(5)  28(9)  
4   MYBS  Bimini, Bahamas                     25.73 79.30  14(5)  38(12) 74(24)  1(1)   7(3)   6(1)  13(4)  11(3)  36(12) 
5   KEYW  Key West, USA                       24.60 81.70  14(7)  35(15) 65(24)  0(0)   3(1)  11(6)   9(3)  12(5)  30(9)  
6   TNCE  St.Eustatius, NA                    17.48 62.98  14(7)  35(14) 60(22)  1(0)   5(4)   8(3)   8(0)  13(7)  25(8)  
7   MYNN  Nassau, New Providence, Bahamas     25.05 77.47  14(3)  28(10) 54(17)  3(0)   6(2)   5(1)   7(2)   7(5)  26(7)  
8   TKNV  Nevis                               17.14 62.59  13(7)  36(14) 63(25)  1(0)   5(4)   7(3)   5(0)  18(7)  27(11) 
9   TUPJ  Tortola, BVI                        18.45 64.53  13(6)  31(13) 62(24)  1(0)   6(6)   6(0)  12(2)   6(5)  31(11) 
10  MUHA  Habana, Cuba                        22.98 82.40  13(7)  29(14) 57(26)  0(0)   4(2)   9(5)   7(2)   9(5)  28(12) 
11  TNCM  St.Maarten/St.Martin                18.05 63.12  13(7)  28(12) 58(22)  0(0)   4(4)   9(3)   7(0)   8(5)  30(10) 
12  TFFJ  St.Barths, FWI                      17.90 62.85  13(7)  28(12) 57(22)  0(0)   4(4)   9(3)   6(0)   9(5)  29(10) 
13  MYSM  San Salvador, Bahamas               24.05 74.53  12(4)  35(13) 63(19)  1(0)   6(2)   5(2)   9(3)  14(6)  28(6)  
14  TKPK  St.Kitts                            17.30 62.68  12(6)  34(14) 62(25)  1(0)   5(4)   6(2)   5(1)  17(7)  28(11) 
15  TAPA  Antigua                             17.12 61.78  12(6)  34(14) 61(23)  1(1)   4(2)   7(3)   9(4)  13(4)  27(9)  
16  TUVG  Virgin Gorda, BVI                   18.49 64.39  12(7)  30(15) 62(27)  0(0)   6(6)   6(1)  12(3)   6(5)  32(12) 
17  KSSJ  St.John, USVI                       18.35 64.73  12(5)  29(11) 63(26)  2(1)   5(4)   5(0)  11(2)   6(4)  34(15) 
18  KSTT  St.Thomas, USVI                     18.33 64.98  12(5)  29(10) 65(25)  2(1)   5(4)   5(0)  10(2)   7(3)  36(15) 
19  TQPF  Anguilla, BWI                       18.20 63.08  12(6)  27(12) 60(24)  0(0)   4(4)   8(2)   7(1)   8(5)  33(12) 
20  TUAN  Anegada, BVI                        18.74 64.33  11(5)  28(12) 61(26)  0(0)   4(4)   7(1)  11(2)   6(5)  33(14) 
21  MBSC  South Caicos, TCI                   21.51 71.52  11(5)  26(9)  57(21)  1(0)   5(3)   5(2)   6(1)   9(3)  31(12) 
22  TKMN  Montserrat                          16.74 62.19  10(6)  31(13) 63(27)  0(0)   6(4)   4(2)   6(2)  15(5)  32(14) 
23  KSTX  St.Croix, USVI                      17.70 64.80  10(3)  29(9)  56(20)  2(1)   3(2)   5(0)  11(2)   8(4)  27(11) 
24  MBGT  Grand Turk, TCI                     21.47 71.14  10(5)  25(9)  56(23)  1(0)   5(3)   4(2)   8(2)   7(2)  31(14) 
25  TXKF  Bermuda                             32.37 64.68   9(3)  35(14) 57(29)  0(0)   2(1)   7(2)  14(5)  12(6)  22(15) 
26  TFFR  Guadeloupe, FWI                     16.27 61.52   9(6)  29(12) 54(24)  0(0)   5(3)   4(3)   6(2)  14(4)  25(12) 
27  MBPV  Provo, TCI                          21.78 72.27   9(4)  27(9)  61(21)  1(0)   4(3)   4(1)   8(2)  10(3)  34(12) 
28  MYEG  Exuma, Bahamas                      23.50 75.77   9(2)  27(6)  57(16)  1(0)   3(0)   5(2)   7(2)  11(2)  30(10) 
29  TDPD  Dominica                            15.53 61.30   9(4)  26(7)  58(20)  0(0)   5(3)   4(1)   6(2)  11(1)  32(13) 
30  MWCR  Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands        19.28 81.35   8(5)  34(14) 59(20)  2(2)   3(2)   3(1)  13(5)  13(4)  25(6)  
31  TABA  Barbuda                             17.63 61.78   8(4)  26(12) 57(22)  1(1)   1(1)   6(2)   7(3)  11(5)  31(10) 
32  TJVQ  Vieques, Puerto Rico                18.13 65.44   8(2)  26(7)  55(19)  2(1)   2(1)   4(0)  10(2)   8(3)  29(12) 
33  TJCL  Culebra Island, Puerto Rico         18.32 65.29   8(2)  24(7)  57(21)  1(0)   3(2)   4(0)   9(2)   7(3)  33(14) 
34  MKJS  Montego Bay, Jamaica                18.50 77.92   8(5)  22(7)  43(14)  0(0)   3(3)   5(2)   6(0)   8(2)  21(7)  
35  MWCB  Cayman Brac, Cayman Islands         19.76 79.74   7(2)  27(10) 47(18)  0(0)   3(2)   4(0)   3(2)  17(6)  20(8)  
36  MWLC  Little Cayman, Cayman Islands       19.68 80.05   7(2)  26(9)  46(15)  0(0)   3(2)   4(0)   3(1)  16(6)  20(6)  
37  MKJP  Kingston, Jamaica                   17.93 76.78   7(6)  25(9)  45(14)  1(1)   2(2)   4(3)   6(0)  12(3)  20(5)  
38  MMUN  Cancun, Mexico                      21.17 86.83   6(5)  31(11) 61(20)  2(2)   2(2)   2(1)  19(4)   6(2)  30(9)  
39  MZAC  Ambergris Caye (San Pedro), Belize  18.03 87.90   6(5)  17(6)  44(16)  2(2)   3(3)   1(0)   4(1)   7(0)  27(10) 
40  MMCZ  Cozumel, Mexico                     20.44 86.93   5(5)  32(11) 67(22)  1(1)   3(3)   1(1)  19(4)   8(2)  35(11) 
41  MDPC  Punta Cana, Dominican Republic      18.57 68.37   5(1)  24(8)  43(16)  0(0)   2(0)   3(1)   7(1)  12(6)  19(8)  
42  TJSJ  San Juan, Puerto Rico               18.45 66.00   5(1)  24(7)  51(19)  1(0)   1(0)   3(1)  10(2)   9(4)  27(12) 
43  TFFF  Martinique, FWI                     14.60 61.00   5(2)  21(8)  55(21)  0(0)   2(2)   3(0)   8(4)   8(2)  34(13) 
44  MDSD  Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic   18.47 69.90   5(3)  18(7)  40(17)  2(1)   1(1)   2(1)   4(1)   9(3)  22(10) 
45  MHNO  Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras      16.47 85.90   4(4)  17(10) 37(16)  1(1)   1(1)   2(2)   5(3)   8(3)  20(6)  
46  MTPP  Port au Prince, Haiti               18.57 72.30   4(3)  17(8)  42(16)  0(0)   1(1)   3(2)   1(1)  12(4)  25(8)  
47  MHRO  Roatan, Bay Islands, Honduras       16.38 86.45   4(4)  16(10) 35(16)  1(1)   1(1)   2(2)   6(3)   6(3)  19(6)  
48  MDPP  Puerta Plata I., Dominican Republic 19.75 70.55   4(1)  12(4)  40(17)  1(0)   1(1)   2(0)   3(1)   5(2)  28(13) 
49  TJMZ  Mayaguez, Puerto Rico               18.27 67.15   3(0)  21(5)  39(10)  0(0)   2(0)   1(0)   8(1)  10(4)  18(5)  
50  MYIG  Inagua, Bahamas                     20.95 73.68   3(1)  17(6)  41(15)  0(0)   0(0)   3(1)   3(1)  11(4)  24(9)  
51  TBPB  Barbados                            13.07 59.48   3(2)  12(6)  58(24)  0(0)   0(0)   3(2)   3(1)   6(3)  46(18) 
52  TGPY  Grenada                             12.00 61.78   3(3)  11(5)  38(15)  0(0)   1(1)   2(2)   2(0)   6(2)  27(10) 
53  MUGT  Guantanamo Bay, Cuba                20.08 75.15   2(2)  17(5)  33(13)  0(0)   0(0)   2(2)   3(1)  12(2)  16(8)  
54  TLPC  St.Lucia                            13.75 60.95   2(1)  13(7)  59(21)  0(0)   1(1)   1(0)   8(4)   3(2)  46(14) 
55  TVSV  St.Vincent                          13.13 61.20   2(2)  11(7)  56(20)  0(0)   1(1)   1(1)   6(2)   3(3)  45(13) 
56  TTPT  Tobago                              11.15 60.83   2(2)   8(3)  20(12)  0(0)   0(0)   2(2)   0(0)   6(1)  12(9)  
57  TNCA  Aruba                               12.50 70.02   1(1)   7(3)  15(8)   0(0)   0(0)   1(1)   6(2)   0(0)   8(5)  
58  TTPP  Trinidad                            10.62 61.35   1(1)   4(1)  11(7)   0(0)   0(0)   1(1)   0(0)   3(0)   7(6)  
59  TNCB  Bonaire, NA                         12.15 68.28   0(0)   5(2)  12(6)   0(0)   0(0)   0(0)   5(2)   0(0)   7(4)  
60  TNCC  Curacao, NA                         12.20 68.97   0(0)   5(2)  12(6)   0(0)   0(0)   0(0)   5(2)   0(0)   7(4)  
pos code* island/location                     lat-N lon-W  h3-h5  h1-h5   all     h5     h4     h3     h2     h1     ts

* Not all islands listed have an official International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Identifier, the four letter meteorological station location code. For those missing I made one up. For example St.John, USVI does not have a ICAO code, so I named it KSSJ. For more information see: http://weather.noaa.gov/tg/site.shtml.

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